Citizenship and Nationhood

Earlier this year we saw that citizenship can mean different things in different contexts. Conceptions of citizenship can be thick and...

What are de facto travel documents?

De facto travel documents are documents which are adequate to cross borders lawfully as well as to reside in a country, but which have no...

Racialised citizenship

In his chapter in the Oxford Handbook on Citizenship, David Scott Fitzgerald confirms our earlier conclusion in relation to racialised...

Citizenship and nomads

We touched on people living a nomadic lifestyle when discussing the citizenship status of the Roma population in Europe, part of which...

Citizenship and disability

We have seen before that cultural practices such as polygamy can act as a barrier to acquiring citizenship. Another barrier is...

Non-Citizens in Latvia and Estonia

During the Soviet era migrants from other parts of the USSR, mainly ethnic Russians, Belarussians and Ukrainians migrated to Latvia and...